Mexico: Law against people trafficking and reforms to combat crimes against women
Mexico City, 13 June 2012. – President Calderón signed the decrees enacting the General Law on the Prevention, Sanction and Eradication of Crimes involving People Trafficking and the reforms to combat crimes against women, child abuse and crimes against human dignity.
In his address, he declared that the decrees were passed within the framework of the national security strategy comprising the three axes which, in addition to including the fight against criminals and the restoration of the social fabric, incorporate the reconstruction of law enforcement institutions and the strengthening of the normative framework. He declared that there is an urgent need to undertake reforms to make the authorities more efficient in the fight against crime. To this end, key legislative reforms have been undertaken regarding penal justice, human rights and injunctions. The decrees passed form part of these efforts.
The president subsequently described the main features of the General Law for the Prevention, Sanction and Eradication of Crimes regarding People Trafficking. He stressed that this is a general law, which closes legal loopholes and obliges the authorities at all levels of government to deal with this issue regardless of the division of skills. In addition, he explained that the new law clearly defines what people trafficking consists of, together with the appropriate sanctions. It regulates the reparation of the damage caused to victims in an integral, adequate, efficacious manner and ensures that the various forms of people trafficking are incorporated into the catalogue of crimes that may be committed by organized crime, by classifying them as serious crimes.
In regard to the reforms to combating crimes against women, the president declared that the crime of femicide has been incorporated into the Federal Penal Code and establishes a sentence of 40 to 60 years of prison for anyone who kills a woman for reasons of gender. He added that since this reform only applies at the federal level, all levels of government must adopt the new legislation. He subsequently reported that the reforms passed specify and increase the sentences for crimes that cause the greatest damage to women such as sexual abuse and rape. A chapter on Crimes against Reproductive Rights and Crimes against People’s Dignity was incorporated into the Federal Penal Code and the powers of the institutions responsible for persecuting these crimes were strengthened, especially those of the SSP, PGR and State Prosecutor’s Offices and progress was achieved in the integral supervision of all crime victims by stipulating in the Federal Penal Code that the reparation of damage must be integral, adequate, efficacious, effective and proportional to the severity of the damage caused and the harm suffered.
The president ended by declaring that the decrees published are a clear step forward in the construction of a safer, fairer and more prosperous country based on the rule of law.
Presidency of the Republic, Mexico (2012, June 13). Law against people trafficking and reforms to combat crimes against women. Retrieved from http://en.presidencia.gob.mx/2012/06/law-against-people-trafficking-and-reforms-to-combat-crimes-against-women/